Origin of the Sheriff

The Beginning: More than twelve hundred years ago, the country we now call England was inhabited by small groups of Anglo-Saxons who lived in rural communities called tuns (a group of ten families).

 The Anglo-Saxon word for chief was gerefa, which was later shortened to reeve (group of 100 families). During the next two centuries, a number of changes occurred in there system which led to a new unit of government, the shire (groups of hundreds banded together), which is now known in America as a county. So to distinguish the leader of a shire from the leader of a mere hundred, the more powerful official name became known as a shire-reeve.

 The word shire-reeve eventually became the modern word for sheriff (the keeper, or chief, of the county).

 In the year 871, under King Alfred the Great, the Sheriff was responsible for maintaining law and order within his own county.

 Over the years as the country became more centralized the King distributed huge tracts of land to various nobleman who governed those lands under the King’s authority. The nobleman appointed the Sheriff for the counties he controlled and for those areas not given to noblemen, the King appointed his own Sheriff. 

In 1066, more than ever before the Sheriff became the agent of the King and his new duties was that of tax collector. 

In 1215, King John signed the Magna Carta. In the text of the Magna Carta it mentioned the role of the Sheriff nine times further establishing the importance of the office. 

Over the next few centuries, the Sheriff remained the leading law enforcement officer for the county.

The Sheriff Crosses the Atlantic: Western Deputy When English settlers came to the new world, the office of Sheriff traveled with them. 

The first American counties were established in Virgina in 1634 and one of these counties elected a Sheriff in 1651. 

Throughout the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, American Sheriff’s were assigned a broad range of responsibilities by colonial and state legislature, such responsibilities as tax collection and law enforcement were carried over from England. Some new responsibilities were added such as over seeing the jails and workhouses. 

As America began to move Westward, they took the concept of county jails and the Office of Sheriff with them. The sheriff was desperately needed to establish order in lawless territories where power belonged to those with the fastest draw and the most accurate shot. Here it is said that sheriff fell into two categories, the quick and the dead.

The Kentucky Sheriff

In the South, where the county system was strong, the office of Sheriff was more important than in those areas where local government centered in towns or townships.Under the first Kentucky Constitution, the office of the Sheriff was elective and the term of office was three years. Under the second Constitution the Sheriff was nominated by the county court and appointed by the governor from the courts list of nominees. The term of office was two years (KY Const. (1799), Art. III, sec. 31) In 1850, under the third Constitution, the Sheriffs office was again made elective. The term of Office was two years ( Art. VI, sec. 4).The present Constitution requires the election of a Sheriff in each county. His term is for four years (section 99). Before taking office he must execute bond as provided in KRS 70.020, 134.230 and 134.250. The bond required by KRS70.020 relates to the performance of his tax collection duties. He must also take the constitutional oath of office (Ky. Const., sec.228) and statutory oath of office. 


 Twenty-four years of age                                                  A Citizen of Kentucky                                                        A resident of the Commonwealth for two years                 A resident of the county in which he is elected one year          prior of election. 

Before Taking Office: 

Execute a bond and take constitutional oath of office 

Term of office: Four Years, may be re-elected

The Sheriff Today: There are over three thousand counties in the United States today and almost everyone of them has a Sheriff. In the majority of the states, the office of sheriff is established by the constitution. Most of the remaining states were established by an act of state legislature. There are two states in which the Sheriff is not elected by the voters. In Rhode Island they are appointed by the Governor and in Hawaii deputy sheriff’s serve the Department of Public Safety’s Sheriff’s Division.

Law Enforcement: Most Sheriffs’ offices have a responsibility for law enforcement, although the authority of the Sheriff varies from state to state, the Sheriff has the power to make arrests within his or her own county. Some states extend this authority to adjacent counties or the entire state. Many sheriffs’ offices perform routine patrol functions such as traffic control, accident investigations, transport of prisoners, criminal investigations and some even have specialized activities.

Court Duties: Sheriff’s are responsible for maintaining the safety and security of the court, take charge of juries when outside of the courtroom, service of court papers such as subpoenas, summons, warrants and civil process and prisoner extradiction.Jail Administration: In some states the Sheriff is responsible for the operations of the county jail.

Tax Collection: The sheriff is also responsible for collection of property taxes. Which is the same function that they served under the Kings in England.

# Name Year Elected Years Served
1 Isaac Hayes 1783 2 Years
2 Samuel Haycraft Sr 1795 3 Years
3 George Helm 1798 1 Year
4 Edward Rawlings 1798 2 Years
5 Robert Hodgen 1800 2 Years
6 Philip Read 1802 2 Years
7 Stephen Rawlings 1804 2 Years
8 Thomas McIntire 1806 1 Year
9 Benjamin Helm 1807 1 Year
10 George Helm 1808 1 Year
11 Isom Enlows 1809 2 Years
12 William Withers 1811 2 Years
13 Lewis Wells 1813 2 Years
14 Adin Coombs 1815 2 Years
15 Nicholas Miller 1817 2 Years
16 Robert C. Slaugher 1819 2 Years
17 Jacob Enlow 1822 1 Year
18 Benjamin Shacklett 1823 1/2 Year
19 Robert H McClure 1823 2 Years
20 Christopher Miller 1825 2 Years
21 Samuel Martin 1827 2 Years
22 Richard Walker 1829 2 Years
23 Denton Geoghegan 1831 2 Years
24 Barton Roby 1833 2 Years
25 Reuben Newton 1835 2 Years
26 Lewis Read 1837 2 Years
27 John Morris 1839 2 Years
28 John Fife 1841 2 Years
29 William Tarpley 1843 1/2 Year
30 Sanford Poston 1843 2 Years
31 Hercules Hays 1845 2 Years
32 James Hall 1847 2 Years
33 Henry Wise 1849 2 Years
34 Jesse Moerman 1851 1 Year
35 William Hays 1852 1 Year
36 Thomas Geoghegan 1853 3 Years
37 Robert English 1856 2 Years
38 Isaac Radley 1858 5 Years
39 Martin Hardin 1863 2 Years
40 James Hills 1865 2 Years
41 William Love 1867 4 Years
42 W. D. Wood 1871 2 Years
43 Hercules Hays 1873 4 Years
44 James Hays 1877 3 Years
45 W. H. Gardner 1880 2 Years
46 Horace Branham 1882 3 Years
47 M. W. Dunkin 1885 1/2 Year
48 James Lee 1885 5 Years
49 Sam Glasscock 1890 4 Years
50 M. A. Berry 1894 1 Year
51 George W. Tabor 1895 3 Years
52 Cryus Viers 1898 3 Years
53 William Hart 1901 4 Years
54 George Yates 1905 4 Years
55 Thomas Waggener Hart 1909 5 Years
56 Robert McMurty 1914 1/2 Year
57 James Stealy McMurty 1914 4 Years
58 E. L. Hagan 1918 4 Years
59 H. Walter Hines 1922 4 Years
60 Richard Wilson 1926 4 Years
61 W. Strother Long 1930 4 Years
62 H. Walter Hines 1934 4 Years
63 Sam Spires 1938 4 Years
64 Walter Hodges 1942 4 Years
65 W. S. Long 1946 4 Years
66 J. A. Nail 1950 4 Years
67 Harvey Tabb 1954 4 Years
68 Byron Pirtle 1958 4 Years
69 Harold Cowley 1962 4 Years
70 Joseph Sharp 1966 4 Years
71 David Owsley 1969 4 Years
72 Ralph Baskett 1973 4 Years
73 David Owsley 1977 4 Years
74 Ralph Baskett 1981 4 Years
75 Charlie Logsdon 1985 4 Years
76 Bobby Thomas 1994 4 Years
77 Martha Thomas 2001 4 Years
78 Charlie Williams 2002 4 Years
79 John Ward 2014